Rampur Culture is considered the third school of poetry after Delhi and Lucknow. Many prominent and legendary Urdu poets of the time like Daagh Dehlvi, Mirza Ghalib, and Amir Meena joined the patronage of Rampur court. The Nawabs of Rampur were very fond of poetry and other fine arts. They provided remunerations to the poets who were associated with ‘ darbar.’ Nizam Rampuri earned a great name as a poet. In addition, Shad Aarifi was another poet from Rampur who evolved modern ghazal in a very distinct style.
Presently, International Poets ‘Shahzada Gulrez’, ‘Abdul Wahab Sukhan’, Tahir Faraz, And ‘Azhar Inayati’ represent the Rampur School of poetry all over the world
Small House Fort, now known as Raza Library. The Rulers of Rampur have had a distinct impact on the architecture of the region. The buildings and monuments signify the presence of Mughal type architecture. Some of the buildings are very old and have been built over repeatedly in course of time.
The Rampur-Sahaswan Gharana of Hindustani classical music also has its origins in court musicians. Ustad Mehboob Khan was a khayal singer and Veena player of the Rampur court; his son Ustad Inayat Hussain Khan (1849–1919), who trained and lived in the city, founded the Gharana.
Rampuri cuisine, a part of the Mughal cuisine tradition, developed by the chefs of the Nawabs, is also known for its distinct flavors and dishes with recipes passed on from the royal kitchen, like Rampuri fish, ‘’ Chicken Changezi ‘’, ‘’ Pasanda haleem ‘’, Rampuri Korma, Rampuri mutton kebabs, doodhiya biryani, ‘’ Dogoshta biryani’’ and adrak ka halwa, ‘’ Sohan halwa ’’.
Rampur was traditionally famous for the knives known as Rampuri Chaaku, which even made their way to Bollywood crime thrillers in the 1960s and 1970s. Eventually, the Government of Uttar Pradesh banned making knives longer than 4.5 inches in blade length, leading to a drop in their popularity.
Religious practices are as much an integral part of everyday life and a very public affair as they are in the rest of India. Therefore, not surprisingly, many festivals are religious in origin although several of them are celebrated irrespective of caste and creed. Among the most important Hindu festivals are Diwali, Holi and Vijayadashami, Mahashivaratri, Ram Navmi, Basant Panchami, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, and Raksha Bandhan, which are also observed by Jains and Sikhs. Eid ul Milad, Eid ul-Fitr, Bakr-Id, Muharram are Muslim religious festivals. Mahavir Jayanti is celebrated by Jains, Buddha Jayanti by Buddhists, Guru Nanak Jayanti by Sikhs, and Good Friday, Christmas by the Christians.